Can Foreigners Get A Gun License in the Philippines?
Gun ownership may have been a source of security for some people while in their own country, but if you are a foreigner here in the Philippines, one must be aware of the rules. Foreigners are not allowed to own or carry a gun here in the Philippines, thus they cannot apply for a gun license. This is according to President Aquino’s Republic Act. No. 10591, or the “Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act”.
R.A. No. 10591 states that “only qualified Filipino citizens have the right to self-defense through the use of firearms, under certain circumstances”. Qualified applicants must be at least 21 years of age, with full work occupation or business and is a taxpayer. Furthermore, applying for license to own firearm(s) also includes passing a drug test, getting a court clearance, neuro-psychiatric clearance, National Police clearance, attending gun safety seminar by Philippine National Police (PNP) or accredited gun club, and more. Application for gun license is processed at the PNP Headquarters in Camp Crame, Quezon City.
For foreigners, one of the exceptions to the rule of gun ownership are limited to visiting military forces, foreign dignitaries, foreign attaches, etc. Section 22.4 of R.A. No. 10591 states:
“For foreign dignitaries, law enforcement officers, foreign attaches, security officers and other foreign government agents bearing firearms or persons/groups needing to import firearms for lawful purposes, either officially issued and licensed or registered in the country of origin shall declare the existence thereof before embarkation at the country of origin and upon disembarkation. Said firearm and ammunition shall be validated by concerned law enforcement agency and be reported to the FEO. (Firearms and Explosives Office)”
Therefore, unless you are an active military personnel and the like, operating in the Philippines under the Visiting Forces Agreement, you cannot own or carry firearms. There is also a restriction on the locations where foreign military personnel can bring their firearms.
Second exception to the rule are foreigners arriving in the Philippines for sports shooting competition. In this case, they are first required to deposit their firearm at the Collector of Customs who shall endorse this to the PNP “for issuance of a Permit to Transport to and from the venue of the competition”. (Sec. 22.3 of R.A. No. 10591)
For foreigners who think that they really need a gun for home security, if married to a Filipino citizen, then the spouse can legally own the gun.
In cases where this is not an option, one can still find security by living in an executive village or condo/apartment building with strict security standards.
For qualified citizens, here is a detailed list of gun requirements for private individuals.
For a detailed look at Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act. No. 10591.
For more information about sporting arm shows and responsible gun ownership here in the Philippines, contact:
Association of Firearms and Ammunitions Dealers of the Philippines
Address: #27 PBD Bldg., D.A. Roces Avenue, Quezon City
Phone: +632 414-3062
Author: Marcelle Villegas
How many guns can one own? http://www.pctc.gov.ph/laws/basicFA.htm
Basic rules – http://www.gov.ph/2013/05/29/republic-act-no-10591/
Guns and Visas: FAQ about Philippines – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=snAk0Bp5uwM