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Education in Philippines

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“Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.” – Nelson Mandela.

The Department of Education (DepEd), Commission on Higher Education (CHED) and Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) are top three high division which organize the education organization in the Philippines. Department of Education manages the public and private school and also ensure that the national curriculum are being implemented, the K-12 standard. For your degree, you might get scholarship in public universities or take in private universities and colleges, where the Commission on Higher Education manages the system. And for your training in technical and vocational education in the country, the Department of Technical Education and Skills Development Authority.

Primary Education

Primary education is the initial part of the educational system in the Philippines. It consist of six years of compulsory education from grade 1 to 6.

Starting 2011 the new K-12 curriculum was implemented and requires Filipino student to have one year of kindergarten, six years of elementary schooling (grades 1 to 6), four years of junior high school (grades 7 to 10), and two years of senior high school (grades 11 to 12).

Until 2004, Department of Education, Culture and Sports (DECS) use to conduct National Elementary Achievement Test (NEAT) for both public and private primary school. But their marks obtained were not used in their admission for their Secondary (junior high school) education. But when DECS, changed to Department of Education (DepEd) in 2004, NEAT was also changed to National Achievement Test (NAT). And as of 2006, the private schools have to get through the NAT in order to get admission in secondary education.

Secondary Education

Secondary education, more commonly known as “Junior High school” (Grades 7-10). It consist of 4 grades curriculum both for private & public schools. The K-12 implementation added 2 upper levels making it now six years divide into 2 parts. The upper level is now called “Senior High School” (Grades 11 and 12).

Secondary education have 2 main types of schools: General secondary schools, which enroll approximately 90 percent of all high school students, and the vocational secondary school. For students who have demonstrated a particular gift in science at the primary level as well as special secondary schools and special curricular programs.

Core subjects are as follows: Science, Mathematics, English, Filipino, and Araling Panlipunan (Social Studies).

Vocational Education

Vocational education offer a higher concentration of technical and vocational subjects in addition to the core academic subjects studied by students from a few weeks to two-years. Upon completion, students may take centrally-administered examinations to obtain their diploma or certificate.

Tertiary Education

Public universities, which are being managed and funded by the government provides a wide range of programs where English as a language of communication. The University of the Philippines, is being given the highest funding from the Philippines government.

The number of private institutions which provide tertiary educations, offering mostly 4-year courses with 2 semesters per year. Some work for profit and some are the  non-profit organization and among them Catholic institution is a non-profit organization.

University Of Philippines

The number of private institutions which provide tertiary educations, offering mostly 4-year courses, 2 semesters per year. Some work for profit and some are the  non-profit organization and among them Catholic institution is a non-profit organization.

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Author: Expatch Editorial Team

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Reference:

https://www.classbase.com/countries/philippines/education-system

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_the_Philippines

https://ph.theasianparent.com/advantages-new-k-12-curriculum/

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