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Bronchial Asthma

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“Asthma is a long-term disease and the goal of treatment is to CONTROL the disease.”  This illness is a global concern and affects both adults and especially, young children.  The hot summer months, dry and humid air, pollen blown in the wind, pollution, haze and smoke coming from cigarettes and vehicles or an ongoing respiratory infection may trigger an asthma attack.   Based on health care utilisation data gathered in Asia, asthma is one of the illnesses affecting employees and dependents resulting in an increase in medical utilisation.  This may also be a reason for workplace absences among asthmatic employees and a decline in employee productivity.

 

Asthma can be prevented and controlled.  If medications and inhalers don’t seem to work, it is a sign that you need to see your doctor IMMEDIATELY.

 

Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases that affect approximately 300 million people all over the world.

Asthma involves inflammation, intermittent obstruction of the flow of air through the lungs and hyper-responsiveness of the airways.

Disease affects approximately 10–12% of adults and 15% of children.

 

Asthma_woman_medicrox

 

In developing countries where the prevalence of asthma had been much lower, there is a rising number of cases, which is associated with increased urbanization.

 

“ASTHMA IS A LONG-TERM DISEASE . THE GOAL OF ASTHMA TREATMENT IS TO CONTROL THE DISEASE.”

HOW TO PREVENT ATTACKS:

Get vaccinated for influenza and pneumonia.

Follow your asthma action plan: regular monitoring and treatment

+ Identify and avoid asthma triggers: outdoor allergens and irritants (from pollen and mold to cold air and air pollution), stress, too much exercise/physical activities, food, dust etc.

+ Monitor your breathing. Be aware of the warning signs of the impending attack: wheezing, shortness of breath, incessant coughing, regularly measure and record your peak airflow with a home peak flow meter.

+ Identify and treat attacks early.

+ Take your medication as prescribed. Always bring them  with you.

+ Pay attention to increasing quick-relief inhaler use.

 

child-with-asthma

 

GOOD ASTHMA CONTROL WILL:

+ Prevents chronic and troublesome symptoms, such as coughing and shortness of breath

+ Reduces your need for quick-relief medicines

+ Helps you maintain good lung function

+ Let you maintain your normal activity level and sleep through the night

+ Prevent asthma attacks that could result in an emergency room

 

asthma

 

What Can Cause An Asthma Attack?

+  Smoke

+  Dust

+  Infections and allergies

+  Change in weather

+  Food

+  Strenuous physical activities

 

 

Author: Expatch Editorial Team
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Photo source:
1. https://medicorx.com/8-tips-to-keep-asthma-away-in-the-summer/
2. http://leichhardtgp.com.au/services/asthma-management

 

References: Asthma. Retrieved from < http://emedicine.medscape.com
Harrison’s 18th edition; Mayo Clinic

 

 

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